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Today the metric system, or SI system (Systeme International d'Unites), exists side by side with the U.S. customary system of measurements.
The metric system is based on the decimal system and follows a consistent name scheme using prefixes. Multiples and submultiples are always related to powers of 10. For example, deka means ten times, hecto means a hundred times, kilo means a thousand times, mega means a million times, and so on; deci means a tenth of, centi means a hundredth of, milli means a thousandth of, micro means a millionth of, and so on.
For various reasons, customary units are still widely used on consumer products packages.
Occasionally you may need to convert metric units into customary and vice versa. Below are the most important conversions.
1 inch = 2.54 cm = 0.025 m
1 centimeter = 0.01 m = 0.39 in = 0.03 ft
1 ounce = 28.35 grams = 0.028 kg
1 gram = 0.001 kg = 0.035 oz = 0.0022 lb = 0.000157 stones
1 fluid ounce = 29.57 ml = 0.029 l
1 ml = 0.001 l = 0.034 fl oz = 0.002 pt
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